GED Problem Solving Practice Test 5

Question – 1

1. What is the remainder when x^8-x^7+x^6-x^5+x^4-x+1 is divided by x-1? Indicate the correct option.(Note: [x^2=x*x] )

• A. 0

• B. 1

• C. 2

• D. 3

• E. 4

• Answer Explanation:Put x=1 in th polynomial.1^8-1^7+1^6-1^5+1^4-1+1= 1-1+1-1+1-1+1= 1Remainder = 1Option B is correct.

Question – 2

2. A rectangular field is divided into 8 portions. Three different balls are thrown in the different sections such that there is only one ball in one section. How many different arrangements are possible? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 336

• B. 3

• C. 8

• D. 24

• E. 6720

• Answer Explanation:3 balls can be put in 8 sections in P(8,3) ways.P(8,3) = 8!/(8-3)!= 8*7*6= 336Option A is true.

Question – 3

3. How many words can be formed by the letters of the word BALLOON? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 1260

• B. 420

• C. 900

• D. 5040

• E. 120

• Answer Explanation:The word has 7 letters and 2 are repeated twice.The number of words is given by 7!/(2!2!) = 7*6*5*4*3/2=7*6*5*2*3=1260Option A is true.

Question – 4

4. Samuel has a pack of cards from which Ketan removes all the diamonds. Which of the following is the probability of Samuel’s drawing a king from the remaining pack? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 1/4

• B. 1/3

• C. 1/5

• D. 1/2

• E. 3/8

• Answer Explanation:When all the diamonds have been removed, the remaining cards are 52-13=39 in numberThe number of kings = 3Probability = 3/39=1/3Option B is true.

Question – 5

5. Which of the following is the area of a rhombus with diagonals 13m and 24m? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 156 sq.m

• B. 312 sq.m

• C. 624 sq.m

• D. 78 sq.m

• E. 45 sq.m

• Answer Explanation:Area = 1/2(product of diagonals)=1/2(13*24)=13*12=156 sq.m.Option A is correct.

Question – 6

6. In twenty years from now, Tina will go from being thrice as old as Pam to being twice. What is the present age of Tina? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 20 years

• B. 30 years

• C. 40 years

• D. 50 years

• E. 60 years

• Answer Explanation:Let the age of Pam today be x years.Age of Tina= 3xAfter 20 years, Tina’s age will be (3x+20) and Pam’s (x+20)According to conditions, (3x+20) = 2(x+20)3x+20=2x+40x=20Tina’s present age =60 yearsOption E is correct.

Question – 7

7. A cube of iron with each edge 12cm is recast into 27 equal cubes. What is the edge of each? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 1.5cm

• B. 2.5cm

• C. 3cm

• D. 4cm

• E. Cannot be determined

• Answer Explanation:Volume of cube = 12*12*12Volume of each cube = 12*12*12/27= 4*4*4Edge of each cube = 4cmOption D is correct.

Question – 8

8. Kevin deposits \$10000 in a scheme at 5% simple interest. The interest is added to the principal every 5 years. In how many years will the amount become \$15625? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 20

• B. 15

• C. 2

• D. 5

• E. 10

• Answer Explanation:Let the number of years be n.Principal after 5 years = \$10000 + 10000*5*5/100= 10000 + 2500=12500Principal after 10 years = 12500 + 12500*5*5/100= 12500 + 3125= 15625The time taken is 10 years.Option E is correct.

Question – 9

9. The sum of two numbers is 12 and their product is 32. Which of the following is equal to the sum of the squares of the two numbers? Indicate the correct option.(Note: [x^2=x*x] )

• A. 44

• B. 35

• C. 80

• D. 90

• E. 56

• Answer Explanation:Let the numbers be x and 12-xx*(12-x)=3212x-x^2=32x^2-12x+32=0x^2-8x-4x+32=0x(x-8)-4(x-8)=0x=4, 8The two numbers are 4 and 8Sum of their squares = 4^2+8^2=16+64= 80Option C is correct.

Question – 10

10. Which of the following is equal to (2/3)^4*(3/4)^2*(4/2)^3? Indicate the correct option.(Note: [x^2=x*x] )

• A. 3

• B. 8/9

• C. 72

• D. 1/72

• E. 9/8

• Answer Explanation:(2/3)^4*(3/4)^2*(4/2)^3= (2^4/3^4)*(3^2/4^2)*(4^3/2^3)= (2^4*3^2*4^3)/(3^4*4^2*2^3)=2^(4-3)*3^(2-4)*4^(3-2)=2*3^(-2)*4=2*4/3^2=8/9Option B is correct.

Question – 11

11. Which of the following is the rationalizing factor of 3+sqrt(3)? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 3 – sqrt(3)

• B. -Sqrt(3)-3

• C. Sqrt(3)+3

• D. 3+sqrt(3)

• E. 3*sqrt(3)

• Answer Explanation:The rationaliing factor of 3+sqrt(3) is 3-sqrt(3).Option A is correct.

Question – 12

12. For two right-circular cylinders the ratio of the radii is 2:3 and the ratio of their heights is 5:6. Which of the following is the ratio of their curved surface areas? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 3:5

• B. 1:3

• C. 5:9

• D. 4:7

• E. 4:9

• Answer Explanation:Let their radii be 2x and 3x and their heights be 5y and 6y.Curved surface area of a cylinder = 2*pi*r*h, where r and h are radius and heightRatio of curved surface areas = 2*pi*2x*5y:2*pi*3x*6y= 2x*5y:3x*6y= 10:18= 5:9Option C is true.[pi=22/7]

Question – 13

13. A machine produces K items in L seconds. How many items will it produce in 3/5 hours? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 6000K/L

• B. L/(6000K)

• C. K/(6000L)

• D. 2160K/L

• E. 2160L/K

• Answer Explanation:Items produced per second = K/LItems produced per minute = K/L*60Items produced per hour = K/L*60*60Items produced per 3/5 hours = K/L*60*60*3/5= 2160K/LOption D is correct.

Question – 14

14. The ratio of milk to water in three containers is 5:1, 3:1 and 5:2. The three containers hold equal quantities. These are emptied into a fourth container. What is the ratio of water to milk in the resulting solution? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 13:4

• B. 5:3

• C. 59:193

• D. 193:59

• E. 4:13

• Answer Explanation:Quantity of milk per unit in first container = 5/(5+1)=5/6Quantity of water per unit in first container = 1/(5+1)=1/6Quantity of milk per unit in the second container = 3/(1+3)=3/4Quantity of water per unit in the second container = 1/(1+3)=1/4Quantity of milk per unit in the third container = 5/(5+2)=5/7Quantity of water per unit in the third container = 2/(5+2)=2/7Required ration = (1/6+1/4+2/7)/(5/6+3/4+5/7)= (28+42+48)/(6*4*7)*(6*4*7)/(140+126+120)= 118/386= 59/193Option D is true.

Question – 15

15. The difference between the simple interest and the compound interest on \$600 at 5% is \$1.50. For how many years was the amount invested? Indicate the correct option.

• A. 1

• B. 2

• C. 3

• D. 4

• E. 5